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A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 3 - download pdf or read online

By Yongxiang Lu

ISBN-10: 3662441624

ISBN-13: 9783662441626

ISBN-10: 3662441632

ISBN-13: 9783662441633

A background of chinese language technology and Technology (Voulumes 1, 2 & three) provides forty four person lectures, starting with Ancient chinese language technology and know-how within the strategy of HumanCivilizations and AnOverview of old chinese language technological know-how and Technology, and carrying on with with in-depth discussions of a number of concerns within the historical past of technology and the Needham Puzzle, interspersed with issues on Astronomy, mathematics, Agriculture, and medication, The 4 nice innovations, and diverse technological parts heavily regarding garments, meals, safeguard, and transportation. This booklet is the main authoritative paintings at the heritage of chinese language technological know-how and expertise. it's the Winner of the China e-book Award, the Shanghai booklet Award (1st prize), and the China Classics foreign (State management of Press, booklet, Radio, movie and tv of The People’s Republic of China) and provides a vital source for educational researchers and non-experts alike.

It originated with a chain of forty four lectures offered to best chinese language leaders, which acquired very confident suggestions. Written by means of most sensible chinese language students of their respective fields from the Institute for the background of Nature Sciences, chinese language educational Sciences and lots of different revered chinese language corporations, the ebook is meant for scientists, researchers and postgraduate scholars operating within the historical past of technology, philosophy of technological know-how and know-how, and similar disciplines.

Yongxiang Lu is a professor, former president and member of the chinese language Academy of Sciences.

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Additional resources for A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 3

Example text

There was difference in area and scale of government office between the prefectures and counties, for example, the main hall of a ministry-level governmental office could have 5 rooms, with 3 side rooms on the left and right each, the main hall of prefecture-level governmental office could have 3 rooms, with 1 side room on the left and right each, the main hall of a county-level governmental office could have 3 rooms but no side rooms. Such a grade restriction also helped control the strength differences between local cities.

Built in 1056, the pagoda is an octagonal five-story wooden tower, 67 m high. It is the highest existing wooden building. In design, two expanded modulus were used for control. One is the height of the lower eave column—the full height from the ground to the horizontal ridge for gable and hip roof equal 12 times of the eave column. The other is the full width of the middle layer (the third layer in this case) for controlling the slenderness ratio—in this case, the full width of the third story is 3 zhang’s, floor one to floor four each measures 3 zhang’s by column top, and the distance from the column top of floor four to the cornice of floor five measures 3 zhang’s, so does that from the cornice of floor five to the up-turned lotus on top of the tower.

Of ancient Chinese buildings, individual houses do not have much choice in form and structure changes. Since the selection and combination of roof forms were subject to restrictions of rites and the caste system and could not be arbitrary, the desired effects were mainly achieved by the backdrop of the courtyard space. From this sense, the ancient Chinese architecture was an art of complex and courtyard space variation formed by longitudinal development on the plane. This can be seen in the subsequent introduction of Beijing palaces in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.

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A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 3 by Yongxiang Lu

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