By Edmund T. Whittaker
In 1910 I released a piece less than the identify A heritage of the Theories of Aether and electrical energy, from the age of Descartes to the shut of the 19th century. while the unique version was once exhausted, I felt that any new factor should still describe the origins of relativity and quantum-theory, and their improvement because 1900. My possibilities have been despite the fact that now not enough to permit me to arrange a correct and fully-documented account of this very artistic interval, and that i used to be pressured to put the plan apart. Retirement from my professorial chair has made it attainable for me to soak up this venture back ; it is going to occupy volumes, of which this, the 1st, bargains with the classical theories. the quantity of 1910 has been to a substantial quantity rewritten, with the incorporation of a lot extra fabric ; and within the moment quantity, the tale should be persevered to the current time.
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Additional info for A history of theories of ether and electricity. The classical theories
Darwin’s friends made sure that Wallace’s letter describing his theory, formed through his field research, was read out in the Linnean Society on the same day as one solicited from Darwin describing his own theory. A recent popular journalist’s book, Robert Chambers’ Vestiges of Creation (1844), had paved the way for public acceptance. One of Darwin’s major champions in Europe, the German zoologist Ernst Haeckel, in his widely read books, one of the main channels through which Darwin became known, made it very clear how many had preceded Darwin in this idea: in, for example, The Evolution of Man, translated into English as early as 1883, and subtitled ‘A Popular Exposition’, he did not merely list them but gave accounts of their ideas, including Linnaeus, Lamarck, and Goethe, culminating in Darwin as their heir and latest theorist.
Barbier Holland: EE (Heijs van Zouteveen) Hungary: OS (Daspy) Poland: EE (Dobrski), OS (Mayzel, partial) Denmark: Georg Brandes, Hovedstrømninger i det 19. århundredes litteratur I (Main currents of 19th century literature) Holland: Jan ten Brink, De schoonzoon van mevrouw Roggeveen (Mrs Roggeveen’s son-in-law); Constantijn (M. P. C. van der Does-Scheltema), Hilda Italy: F. De Sanctis, La scienza e la vita (Science and life) Russia: Aleksei Tolstoi, ‘A Message to M. N. Longinov on Darwinism’ Spain: Gaspar Núñez de Arce, ‘A Darwin’ (poem) England/Germany: Friedrich Max Müller, ‘Lectures on Mr Darwin’s Philosophy of Language’ Celebrations, commemorations, public events, commemorative volumes Holland: Darwin elected honorary member Dutch Academy of Science Hungary: Darwin elected honorary member Hungarian Academy of Sciences xxx Timeline Date Translations Literature, Criticism, Influential Science 1874 Denmark: DM (Jacobsen) France: EE (Pozzi/ Benoît) DM (Maslowski) 1875 France: JR (Barbier) Germany: JR (Carus) International: William Dwight Whitney, ‘Darwinism and Language’, The North American Review; George Darwin, ‘Professor Whitney on the Origin of Language’, Contemporary Review Germany: Carl du Prel, Der Kampf ums Dasein am Himmel (Struggle for life in the heavens) England/Germany: Friedrich Max Müller, ‘My Reply to Mr.
Darwin, while first welcoming the translation, was shortly afterwards obliged to disown it. The French translations of Origin of Species are presented here by Michel Prum as a series of misreadings of Darwin’s text by his nineteenth-century French translators. Some of the errors made by Lamarckian Clémence Royer have long achieved notoriety (élection naturelle, which gives a Lamarckian sense to selection that Darwin did not intend; concurrence vital, which reduces the struggle for life to a competition among life forces), while others are less well appreciated.
A history of theories of ether and electricity. The classical theories by Edmund T. Whittaker