By Morton S. Freeman
Do you approve of censoring the works of significant writers? a few may perhaps contend that to bowdlerize a very good writer's paintings will be to decrease its total caliber. Others, like Thomas Bowdler, whose eraser danced over each Shakespeare play, could argue that every one modest humans could be capable of learn a very good paintings with no blushing. For attacking the classics, Mr. Bowdler has been immortalized because the world's best-known, self-appointed literary censor. and due to his efforts the time period bowdlerize has turn into eponymous together with his identify. on the other hand, the observe bikini--defined as a two-piece bathing swimsuit for women--has been a linguistic secret in view that 1947 while those fits have been first obvious at the shores of the French Riviera, a 12 months after the us started checking out atom bombs at the Bikini atoll of the Marshall Islands. a few surprised humans acknowledged that the impression of the scanty go well with on male seashore loungers used to be just like the devastating influence of the atomic bomb. Whoosh! a less complicated and extra credible idea is that the bold swimsuits resembled the apparel worn by way of ladies at the Bikini atoll. Created a few century in the past, the time period eponym is itself a coinage from Greek phrases, epi, "on" or "upon," and onama, "a name." yet its broadened which means, as dictionaries set it out, refers to a note derived from a formal identify. for example, Salisbury steak--a renowned diner menu merchandise made out of universal hamburger and dressed up with brown gravy to make it extra appealing--is named for James H. Salisbury, an English health practitioner who promoted a nutrition of floor red meat. A Dictionary of Eponyms explores the origins of 1000s of those daily phrases from Argyle socks to zeppelins. Written in an wonderful and anecdotal kind, and with a foreword via Edwin Newman, the booklet features a short biography of the person whose identify turned linked to an merchandise or thought in addition to details on how and while the identify entered the language.If you have ever puzzled simply the place phrases like cardigan sweater, pamphlet, and robotic come from, Morton Freeman does greater than easily outline them--he brings them to existence.
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Additional resources for A New Dictionary of Eponyms (Oxford Paperback Reference)
Braille was a distinguished student and, in 1829, became a professor at the Institution. 31 The army at the time used a system of communication based on touch rather than sight, a primitive form of "night writing" invented by Charles Barbier, a captain of artillery in the army. " The message was clear but simple, such as one dot for advance, two dots for lie low, three dots for take cover, and so on. It ignited Braille's imagination. Braille, when only fifteen years old, refined the system by using a sixdot cell, his pattern being two clots across and three down.
S. Army as a civilian scout and messenger. For the next two years he hunted buffalo for the Union Pacific Railroad; he reportedly slew 42,800 head. No one knows for certain how he came to be dubbed Buffalo Bill, but after being engaged in an eight-hour shooting match with another scout, he was regarded as the champion buffalo killer. S. Fifth Cavalry, which was assigned the task of wiping out Indian resistance to the coming of the white man. Cody organized his first Wild West exhibition in 1883.
The adjective bluebeard means "not to enter or be explored," as in the bluebeard room in the house. The character Bluebeard was a murderous tyrant, a habitual wifekiller. Today he might be called a serial wifekiller. Fatima, a pretty young woman, married the sinister Bluebeard against her brothers' wishes. Before leaving on a business trip, Bluebeard gave his new wife the keys to his castle, but forbade her to open a certain door. Curiosity got the best of her, and she disobeyed her husband's warning.
A New Dictionary of Eponyms (Oxford Paperback Reference) by Morton S. Freeman