Language Grammar

Download e-book for iPad: A Thematic Guide to Optimality Theory (Research Surveys in by John J. McCarthy

By John J. McCarthy

ISBN-10: 0521791944

ISBN-13: 9780521791946

This booklet describes Optimality idea from the pinnacle down, explaining and exploring the important premises of OT and the consequences that stick to from them. Examples are drawn from phonology, morphology, and syntax, however the emphasis all through is at the conception instead of the examples, on knowing what's distinct approximately OT and on equipping readers to use it, expand it, and critique it of their personal components of curiosity. The book's assurance extends to paintings on first- and second-language acquisition, phonetics and sensible phonology, computational linguistics, historic linguistics, and sociolinguistics. Chapters finish with broad feedback for additional studying, labeled by way of subject, and are supplemented through an enormous bibliography (over 800 items).

Show description

Read or Download A Thematic Guide to Optimality Theory (Research Surveys in Linguistics) PDF

Best language & grammar books

Download e-book for kindle: Lines of Flight: Reading Deleuze With Hardy, Gissing, by John Hughes

This publication deals a sustained engagement with the writings of the more and more influential French thinker and author on literature, Gilles Deleuze, providing an advent to his interesting physique of labor and emphasizing its a number of percentages for literary research. Deleuze bargains a 'philosophy of turning into' whose many facets are gaining expanding significance in quite a few disciplines either at the Continent and in Anglo-American circles.

New PDF release: Count and Mass Across Languages

This quantity explores the expression of the strategies count number and mass in human language and probes the advanced relation among possible incontrovertible features of that means and their assorted grammatical realizations throughout languages. In English, count number nouns are those who may be counted and pluralized (two cats), while mass nouns can't be, not less than no longer and not using a swap in which means (#two rices).

Read e-book online Literature as Communication: The Foundations of Mediating PDF

This e-book deals foundations for a literary feedback which seeks to mediate among writers and readers belonging to diverse historic sessions or social groupings. This makes it, between different issues, a well timed intervention within the postmodern “culture wars”, even though the speculation recommend might be of curiosity not just to scholars of literature and tradition, but in addition to linguists.

Additional resources for A Thematic Guide to Optimality Theory (Research Surveys in Linguistics)

Example text

Might seem wordy, but they are admirably explicit. Another heuristic is to avoid slipping bits and pieces of EVAL into constraint definitions. For example, constraints should not make overt comparisons, since EVAL already has that job well in hand. " Constraints prohibit or demand; they do not urge, cajole, or suggest.

The word "constraint" itself is another source of terminological ambiguity. The constraints of more familiar theories are inviolable, whereas OT constraints can be violated under duress. It is tempting to import the inviolable constraints of other theories into CON, but this temptation should be resisted. The inviolable constraints of other theories are intended to state universals of human language; the violable constraints of OT do not state universals of human language, precisely because they are violable.

The ranking argument must be checked in the context of the full analysis. Suppose there is a tentative argument for [Cl » C2] based on comparing Candwinner with CandLoser. 4 How to Do OT 31 tions: it is ranked above C2, and it concurs with Cl by assigning fewer violation-marks to Candwinner than CandLoser. If C3 with these properties exists, then the ranking argument for |C1 » C2] is not valid. In real life, the first two conditions for a valid ranking argument are of constant applicability, whereas the third turns out to be a problem only once in a while.

Download PDF sample

A Thematic Guide to Optimality Theory (Research Surveys in Linguistics) by John J. McCarthy


by Edward
4.3

Rated 4.70 of 5 – based on 34 votes