By Conrad G. Brunk, Harold Coward
Glossy biotechnology has handed technological know-how fiction with such feats as placing fish genes in tomatoes to create a extra cold-resistant crop. whereas the environmental and well-being issues over such genetically transformed meals were the topic of public debate, spiritual and religious viewpoints were given brief shrift. This booklet seeks to appreciate the ethical and spiritual attitudes of teams inside pluralistic societies whose traditions and ideology increase for them specified questions on nutrients and nutritional perform. What questions are there for kosher Jews, halal Muslims, and vegetarian Hindus approximately nutrients items containing transgenes from prohibited assets? How do those meals effect the cultural practices and religious teachings of indigenous peoples? matters from the above traditions in addition to Christianity, Buddhism, chinese language faith, and moral vegetarianism are integrated. members examine the moral context of every culture and likewise contain details from concentration teams. This enlightening paintings concludes with concepts for the labeling of genetically changed meals.
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Additional resources for Acceptable Genes?: Religious Traditions and Genetically Modified Foods
But there are also unknown unknowns. ” There is much debate as to the potential for GM foods in creating greater efficiencies, lesser toxicity, and greater yields and providing much needed nutrition to parts of the world where cultural and economic factors work against the indigenous populations. Many of these debates will rage on regardless of the development of the science. In genetic terms, much of the detriment sustained by loss of genetic variation or biodiversity has already come to pass through current agricultural practice.
In animals, however, a constant monitoring of herds is required to maintain the traits desired. As more is understood about complex traits, the ability to manipulate them (and by definition multiple genes simultaneously) will likely also become a target for the development of GM foods. One potential driver for this innovation will likely be new technologies such as artificial chromosomes that can contain and simultaneously express all the genes contributing to a complex trait. Some part of this will be driven by the need to secure niche markets involving patenting of GMOs difficult to reproduce by competitors and by traditional methods as described earlier.
The promise of better yields, lower cost of production, improved nutritional value, and other commercially attractive traits is often touted by the vendors of GMOs and serves as a powerful incentive to farmers to adopt these new innovations to improve their own competitive edge in the marketplace. A consequence of selection for particular traits in modern day agriculture is that only a small proportion of the population (a few individuals: the cream of the crop) is chosen to give rise to subsequent generations, which results in a significant decrease over time in the genetic variation to be found in food crops and animals under such selection.
Acceptable Genes?: Religious Traditions and Genetically Modified Foods by Conrad G. Brunk, Harold Coward