By D. W. Phillipson David W. Phillipson
David Phillipson offers an illustrated account of African prehistory, from the origins of humanity via ecu colonization during this revised and multiplied variation of his unique paintings. Phillipson considers Egypt and North Africa of their African context, comprehensively reviewing the archaeology of West, East, important and Southern Africa. His ebook demonstrates the relevance of archaeological learn to knowing modern Africa and stresses the continent's contribution to the cultural history of humankind.
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Additional info for African Archaeology, Third Edition
Because of their physical similarity and near contemporaneity, the Laetoli and Hadar hominid fossils are generally regarded as representatives of the same species, Australopithecus afarensis. The Hadar discoveries are additionally important as providing the best sample of postcranial remains belonging to any eastern African australopithecine population. The same deposits at Laetoli included layers of hardened ash-covered mud in which were preserved a remarkable series of footprints of hominids and other creatures (Fig.
The height and size of the lake have thus ﬂuctuated considerably; it and its feeder rivers have laid down complex series of sediments, up to 1000 metres thick in places, in which hominid and other fossils are exceptionally well preserved. The principal The emergence of humankind in Africa 35 Fig. 8 million years ago. The footprints are interpreted as those of two or three uprightwalking hominids, one smaller than the others. sediments with which we are here concerned are designated the Shungura and Usno Formations in the north, the Koobi Fora Formation in the east and the Nachukui Formation in the west; they are each separated into various members by horizons of consolidated volcanic debris known as tuffs, from which numerous potassium/argon age-determinations have been obtained, 36 afric an archaeolog y Fig.
10). 5 metres high and weighed between 33 and 67 kilogrammes (McHenry 1988). Comparison of the skulls shows that the jaws and teeth of the australopithecine, despite the creature’s small overall size, were actually larger than those of a modern person. The brain, on the other hand, was only about one-third as large, at The emergence of humankind in Africa 31 Fig. 10: Skeletons, to the same scale, of 1, gorilla; 2, Australopithecus africanus; 3, Homo sapiens about 450 cubic centimetres, which is approximately the same size as the modern gorilla’s brain.
African Archaeology, Third Edition by D. W. Phillipson David W. Phillipson