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Download e-book for iPad: African Development Report 2008 2009 by The African Development Bank

By The African Development Bank

ISBN-10: 0191528811

ISBN-13: 9780191528811

ISBN-10: 0199548943

ISBN-13: 9780199548941

The booklet of the African improvement file 2008/2009 comes at a time while a few lengthy civil conflicts in Africa have ended whereas a few international locations proceed to event violent clash or the specter of its prevalence. The termination of a few of the long-drawn-out conflicts deals hopes for lasting peace and safety in Africa, a sine qua non for the continent to strengthen. however it additionally increases a few demanding situations to make sure a profitable post-conflict transition. The nations involved usually are not capable of adopt such efforts all alone. therefore, exterior help is essential to post-conflict restoration. nevertheless, the endurance of clash in another international locations warrants a persevered enquiry into the character and factors of clash in Africa and a look for applicable conflict-resolution ideas. in contrast heritage, the document investigates the character, explanations and results of clash in Africa. It assesses conflict-resolution and peacebuilding ideas after which makes a speciality of rules to help the transition from clash to peace and financial restoration. eventually, it highlights the African improvement Bank's help to fragile states, that are as a rule international locations rising from clash. The document identifies huge wisdom gaps and an absence of consensus at the explanations of clash in Africa. It indicates that the results of clash usually unfold way past nationwide borders, and that nearby and foreign efforts are severe to clash solution. The document emphasizes the necessity for powerful nationwide associations to underpin the method of kingdom construction generally, and peacebuilding and monetary restoration particularly. The file contributes to the controversy on powerful recommendations to avoid and finish conflicts in Africa, and facilitate post-conflict restoration and reconstruction. it's a must-read for policymakers, practitioners and students, and certainly for all people with an in curiosity in African improvement.

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Extra resources for African Development Report 2008 2009

Example text

A large number of civilians were killed. Many of the killings were claimed by the Armed Islamic Group, considered a terrorist organization in Algeria, France, and the United States. Elections resumed in 1995, and after 1998, the war waned. The current president, Abdelaziz Bouteflika, was elected in April 1999. By 2002, the main guerrilla groups had either been destroyed or had surrendered, taking advantage of an amnesty program, though sporadic fighting continued in some areas. Since 2002, Algeria, Mauritania, and Morocco have faced an insurgency waged by the neo-Khawarij Islamist militia, Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat ( GSPC).

In response, the government resorts to an inflation tax, leaving the post-conflict 22 African Development Report 2008/2009 economy with a legacy of high inflation and reduced confidence in the currency (Adam, Collier and Davies, 2008). Resorting to the inflation tax is merely the most obvious of a wide range of unsustainable policies that sacrifice the future for the present. The short-sighted policies adopted during war would have started to inflict costs by the time of peace. One of the resulting implications is an urgent need for economic reform.

Elections provide the means to formally delegate authority to politicians and to reassess their performance at regular intervals, but they do not provide a means to monitor the agent between elections. 25 Without monitoring devices, the agent can abuse the delegated authority. Moreover, elected officials are put in positions where they can both manipulate the outcome of the next election and be empowered to remove the electoral institution. Thus, elections alone are not sufficient to ensure a democratic delegation chain.

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African Development Report 2008 2009 by The African Development Bank


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