By Morris Halle
An Essay on pressure provides a common conception for the characterization of the tension styles of phrases and words encountered within the languages of the international. the guts of the speculation is constituted through the formal mechanism for characterizing "action at a distance", that's a different case of the formalism wanted for the development of constituent structure.Morris Halle is Institute Professor at MIT. Jean-Roger Vergnaud is Professor of Linguistics on the college of Maryland and Senior Researcher on the Centre nationwide de l. a. Recherche Scientifique and the Centre d'Etudes et de Recherche en Informatique Linguistique in France.
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Extra resources for An Essay on Stress (Current Studies in Linguistics)
It isn't absolutely necessary for the feet to be labeled at this stage. ] However, under my schema for stress rules, an unmarked rule of tree construction MUST specify either right or left nodes as dominant. . (Hayes 1980/1, 131) The account presented above is thus the functional equivalent of Hayes's node relabeling. We believe that the account above is superior to that of Hayes in that node relabeling introduces new principles into the theory, whereas our account makes do with the independently motivated theoretical machinery.
2 The Effects of Syncope and Epenthesis on Stress Having described the main features of the formal framework we shall use for the treatment of stress patterns, our next step is to investigate some of its less obvious ramifications and to confront them with facts from actual languages. The first phenomenon to be examined is the effect of deletion on the stress patterns of words. Consider once again the stress pattern of Koya, where words have the metrical constituent structure given in (29) (repeated here as (57)) and where constituents are left-headed.
There are two aspects to the operation of a stress enhancement rule. On the one hand, the rule adds an asterisk above some designated position, and on the other hand, it introduces the conjugate bracketing that is required by the extra asterisk. Note that as a consequence of this bracketing another asterisk will be introduced on this new line in the position of the main stress of the word. As detailed in chapter 7, stress enhancement is also involved in the generation of the stress contours of English words.
An Essay on Stress (Current Studies in Linguistics) by Morris Halle