By Janet Amundson Romich
An Illustrated advisor to Veterinary clinical Terminology, 3rd variation offers a visible method of studying scientific phrases and knowing the fundamentals of veterinary medication. a scientific strategy of breaking down clinical phrases into their part components permits readers to understand the basis scientific ideas and follow serious pondering talents while confronted with new and unusual scientific terminology. Chapters growth from uncomplicated terminology on the topic of anatomical positioning to physique platforms, after which to species- particular terminology. Case stories exemplify how clinical terminology will be skilled in a precise veterinary perform.
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Extra info for An Illustrated Guide to Veterinary Medical Terminology, 3rd Edition
May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Where, Why, and What? 23 (a) Dorsal recumbency X-ray cassette (b) Ventral recumbency/sternal recumbency (c) Lateral recumbency Figure 2–7 Recumbency positions. The position in which an animal lies is important in veterinary medicine, especially in radiographing an animal. (a) This dog is in dorsal recumbency. (b) This dog is in ventral, or sternal, recumbency. (c) This dog is in right lateral recumbency. Midline Midline Carpus (knee) Flexion Abduction Extension Adduction Figure 2–8 Adduction versus abduction.
Trochoid joints include Copyright 2009 Cengage Learning, Inc. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. 44 Chapter 3 Articular cartilage Proximal epiphysis Physis or growth plate Metaphysis Red marrow Cancellous or spongy bone Medullary cavity (contains yellow marrow) Vein Artery Cortical or compact bone Diaphysis Endosteum Yellow marrow Periosteum Metaphysis Physis or growth plate Distal epiphysis Figure 3–2 Anatomy of a long bone. Radius Growth Plate Metacarpals Carpal Bones Ulna Figure 3–3 Radiograph of the radius and ulna of a young dog.
Endocrine glands secrete their chemical substances (hormones) directly into the bloodstream. Copyright 2009 Cengage Learning, Inc. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Where, Why, and What? Table 2–2 29 Combining Forms for Organs Body System Combining Form Major Functions Skeletal system bones = oste/o (ohs-tē-ō), oss/e (ohs-ē), or oss/i (ohs-ih) joints = arthr/o (ahr-thrō) cartilage = chondr/o (kohn-drō) Support and shape, protection, hematopoiesis, mineral storage Muscular system muscles = my/o (mī-ō) fascia = fasc/i (fahs-ē) or fasci/o (fahs-ē-ō) tendons = ten/o (tehn-ō), tend/o (tehn-dō), or tendin/o (tehn-dih-nō) Locomotion, movement of body ﬂuids, body heat generation Cardiovascular system heart = cardi/o (kahr-dē-ō) arteries = arteri/o (ahr-tē-rē- ō) veins = ven/o (vēn-ō) or phleb/o (ﬂeh-bō) blood = hem/o (hē-mō) or hemat/o (hē-maht-ō) Delivers oxygen and nutrients to tissue, transports cellular waste from body, performs immune function and endocrine function Lymphatic and immune systems lymph vessels, ﬂuid, and nodes = lymph/o (lihm-fō) tonsils = tonsill/o (tohn-sih-lō) spleen = splen/o (spleh-nō) thymus = thym/o (thī-mō) Provide nutrients to and remove waste from tissues, protect the body from harmful substances Respiratory system nose or nares = nas/o (nā-zō) or rhin/o (rī-nō) pharynx = pharyng/o (fahr-ihn-gō) trachea = trache/o (trā-kē-ō) larynx = laryng/o (lahr-ihng-gō) lungs = pneum/o (nū-mō) or pneumon/o (nū-mohn-ō) Brings oxygen into the body for transportation to the cells, removes carbon dioxide and some water waste from the body Digestive system mouth = or/o (ōr-ō) or stomat/o (stō-maht-ō) esophagus = esophag/o (eh-sohf-ah-gō) stomach = gastr/o (gahs-trō) small intestine = enter/o (ehn-tər-ō) large intestine = col/o (kō-lō) or colon/o (kō-lohn-ō) liver = hepat/o (hehp-ah-tō) pancreas = pancreat/o (pahn-krē-ah-tō) Digestion of ingested food, absorption of digested food, elimination of solid waste Urinary system kidneys = ren/o (rē-nō) or nephr/o (nehf-rō) ureters = ureter/o (yoo-rē-tər-ō) urinary bladder = cyst/o (sihs-tō) urethra = urethr/o (yoo-rē-thrō) Filters blood to remove waste, maintains electrolyte balance, regulates ﬂuid balance Nervous system and special senses nerves = neur/o (nū-rō) or neur/i (nū-rē) brain = encephal/o (ehn-sehf-ah-lō) spinal cord = myel/o (mī-eh-lō) eyes = ophthalm/o (ohf-thahl-mō), ocul/o (ohck-yoo-lō), opt/o (ohp-tō), or opt/i (ohp-tē) sight = optic/o (ohp-tih-kō) ears = ot/o (ō-tō), aur/i (awr-ih), or aur/o (awr-ō) audit/o (aw-dih-tō), or aud/i (aw-dē) external ear = sound = acoust/o (ah-koo-stō) or acous/o (ah-koo-sō) Coordinating mechanism, reception of stimuli, transmission of messages continued Copyright 2009 Cengage Learning, Inc.
An Illustrated Guide to Veterinary Medical Terminology, 3rd Edition by Janet Amundson Romich