Language Grammar

Read e-book online An Integrated Theory of Linguistic Descriptions PDF

By Jerrold J. Katz, Paul M. Postal

ISBN-10: 0262610213

ISBN-13: 9780262610216

The authors provide a conception about the nature of a linguistic description, that's, a theoretical assertion in regards to the type of description linguist is ready to supply of a typical language. This idea seeks to combine the generative notion of phonology and syntax built through Chomsky and Halle, with the belief of semantics proposed via Katz and Fodor. The authors display that the mixing inside of one conception of those conceptions of phonology, syntax, and semantics clarifies, extra systematizes, and justifies each one of them. in addition they convey that such integration sheds huge gentle upon the character of linguistic universals, that's, upon the character of language. basic concentration is put on the relation among the syntactic and the semantic elements of a linguistic description.

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Katz (in preparation b) where the relation of antonymy that holds, for example, between (Male) and (Female) is discussed. , 9. There is a direct analogy between these category inclusion rules of semantics and the morpheme structure rules in phonology that do not operate on linear contexts. Cf. Halle (1959, 1962), Chomsky and Miller (1963). The erasure clause in (Rl) is included to avoid pointlessly duplicating semantic markers and distinguisher s in the derived reading. Thus, for example, it makes no sense to include the semantic markers (Human) and (Female) twice in the reading associated with the compound expression spinster aunt just because each of the readings combined contains occurrences of both these markers.

Chomsky (1955 a, 1957, 1961, of transformational 1962, 1964 b). Katz and Fodor (1963). The fact that meanings are analyzable into subcomponents insight and basis for so-called ‘componential analysis', an approach to semantics that has developed in is the chief Cf. Lounsbury (1956), Goodenough (1951, 1956), Wallace and Atkins (I960), etc. However, such studies have failed to recognize that the analyzability of meanings extends beyond certain limited lexical sets like kinship terms, anthropology.

Transformations, it makes sense to ask whether or not they alter or affect meaning and, if so, how. But for generalized transformations this question makes no sense. Here one can only ask 30 Singulary Transformations 31 the meanings of the input structures are combined to yield a meaning for the output. Because of this distinction, then, it is necessary to break the question about the range of PI into two parts: one concerned with the semantic interpretation of the struc- how tures derived by singulary transformations alone, the other with the semantic interpretation of those whose derivation involves generalized transformations.

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An Integrated Theory of Linguistic Descriptions by Jerrold J. Katz, Paul M. Postal


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