By Heather Margaret-Louise Miller
Designed for upper-division undergraduate and graduate point archaeology scholars taking classes in old applied sciences, archaeological craft construction, fabric tradition, the historical past of know-how, archaeometry, and box equipment. this article may also function a normal advent and a reference for archaeologists, fabric tradition experts in socio-cultural disciplines, and engineers/scientists drawn to the backgrounds and histories in their disciplines.
The examine of historic technologies-that is, the ways that gadgets and fabrics have been made and used-can show insights into financial, social, political, and formality nation-states of the prior. This publication summarizes the present kingdom of old expertise reviews via emphasizing methodologies, a few significant applied sciences, and the questions and matters that force archaeologists of their attention of those applied sciences. It exhibits the ways in which know-how reports can be utilized by way of archaeologists operating wherever, on any kind of society and it embraces an orientation towards the sensible, now not the philosophical.
* Compares the diversity of pre-industrial applied sciences, from stone device creation, fiber crafts, wooden and bone operating, fired clay crafts, steel construction, and glass manufacture
* contains socially contextualized case reviews, in addition to common descriptions of technological processes
* Discusses crucial terminology (technology, fabric tradition, chaîne opératoire, etc.), essentially from the viewpoint of ways those phrases are utilized by archaeologists
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Additional resources for Archaeological Approaches to Technology
Galaty used petrography, the visual study of the minerals in the pottery, to identify the different places where the drinking cups were made, and ICP spectroscopy to determine the existence of two separate systems of pottery production and distribution within this small ancient state. But archaeometric research is also carried out beyond the walls of laboratories, with some or all stages of the process occurring at find spots or raw Methodology: Archaeological Approaches to the Study of Technology 27 material sources, by scruffy-looking experts squatting on the ground sorting through piles of ancient garbage.
In addition to describing how archaeologists study ancient technologies, I will concentrate on answering archaeological questions about past societies through technology studies. The next chapter covers the methods that archaeologists use in their study of past technologies. I will touch on field techniques; various approaches to artifact examination; experimental studies; and the use of ethnoarchaeology, ethnography, and historical accounts. This will be a rapid tour of a large corpus of information, giving brief examples of archaeological studies from a diversity of regions and time periods.
L. Miller: Archaeological Approaches to Technology are borrowed or adapted from a wide range of other disciplines. As in archaeological research in general, technological studies often employ collaboration with specialists in other fields, including conservators, art historians, chemists, material scientists, architects, engineers, botanists, geologists, miners, artists, and other modern craftspeople. Like the imaginative detective work of Sherlock Holmes, archaeological methods involve long and tedious studies of minutiae, extensive collections of odd reference materials, and personal immersion in a person’s work and life.
Archaeological Approaches to Technology by Heather Margaret-Louise Miller