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Read e-book online Armeniaca: Comparative Notes PDF

By Frederik Kortlandt, Robert S. P. Beekes

ISBN-10: 0882061062

ISBN-13: 9780882061061

Contains an appendix at the old phonology of Classical Armenian.

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Extra resources for Armeniaca: Comparative Notes

Sample text

Perfective sentences , five languages with reportedly free or variable word order (Nahuatl , Navaho , Sierra-Miwok , Tarascan , and Ojibwa , all North American Indian languages) , and three in which information about word order was not available (Karankawa , Timucua and Yupik). Th e interesting point to note is that in Greenberg's sample there are slightly more SVO languages than SOV , while in Perkins' sample there are nearly twice as many SOV languages as SVO. This is a rather striking di任er­ ence , and an interesting indication of the inportance of sampling techniques.

T e order of morphemes is in large part a result of the order of words in the verb phrase. an~that toe frcaucncy nf OCCIIITenCe of certain catc20ries as verbal inflections_ i~~reflex of their freQuent 0∞t盯ence 'conti2u~the main verb. east partly dctcrmined by thc rclcvancc principlc. rs. Now we return to thc qucstion of whether the frequ f' ncy of occurrence of categories such as aspcct in the languages of the world is merely a reflex of the fact that words expressing aspectual notions often occur ∞ntiguous to the main verb.

Bese cases had no bearing on the test of the hypothesis. Second , in some cases , the two mo叩hemes in question occurred on different si虫s of the verb stem. Th ese cases were also irrelevant , unless one mo叩heme 饵C咀ηed adjacent to the stem while the other occurred at least one morpheme removed from 1t. Th en , in these cases , the former was counted as being closer to the stem than the latte r. A third situation which rendered a case irrelevant was a situation in which the mo叩hemes in question were mutua l1 y exc\ usive and occurred in the same position.

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Armeniaca: Comparative Notes by Frederik Kortlandt, Robert S. P. Beekes


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